Analysis, Perspective, Trading Strategy
At the Edge of Chaos: Alert: Possible V Bottom Ahead. Watch the Algos and the Fed.
Duarte in the Money Options
a market controlled by algorithmic traders (algos) any bottom can be
a V bottom or not. So instead of taking chances by buying in too early
and getting hurt this is a good time to be a vigilant contrarian and
to be ready to make a move, especially when, as I describe below there
is some evidence that dip buyers are moving quietly into the market
as prices fall.
And while there is the potential for a rebound of some sort in the
short term, as the stock market is moderately oversold, a high level
of bearish sentiment is now in place, and there is evidence of dip
buying in some areas of the market, caution remains warranted. Nevertheless,
when the Federal Reserve continues to pump money into the banking system
at the tune of $120 billion per month the monetary background for stocks
Remember, panic and capitulation are often the predecessor to a buying
opportunity. So while the reflexive move may be to panic, history shows
that a market run by high frequency trading (HFT) machines can turn
on a dime.
Algo Trading Primer
Even during extreme selloffs investors should remember that in an
algo controlled market, all trends and events such as market tops and
bottoms are exaggerated by the computer programs and the instructions
imparted to the machines have a wide set of contingencies “if this
happens, do this” instructions built-in. Moreover, consider the fact
that HFT algos are programmed to do two things: front run the money
flow, up or down, and accelerate the prevailing trend in order to catch
as many investors as possible off guard and create profitable opportunities
for the HFT firms.
That means that while in an up market the machines buy stocks just
before traders in order to sell shares at a higher price, in a down
market based on HFT’s early knowledge of the direction of the dominant
order flow, the algos sell stocks short just before traders sell their
shares. After the machines have established a short position or have
hedged their position via options then they buy shares from investors
and immediately sell them to someone else for a lower price, making
money on each step of their strategy. And the more sellers that appear,
the more times the HFT machines repeat the exercise until the selling
stops at which time they start to tempt the buyers with higher prices
on low volume (spoofing) and then wait until the buyers appear en force
in order to repeat the cycle to the up side.
So because the market is now nearly oversold, and short interest
is rising stocks now have the potential to bounce higher as the algos
start to probe how much buying interest there is in the market. In
other words the market is now a day to day affair where if investors
take the algo’s bait and start buying things can heat up to the up
side in a hurry or where if there are no buyers the down trend is likely
Sound Trading Principles Help Guard Against Algo Antics
Sure, dealing with algos can be daunting. Yet, this is not a time
to panic. Instead it is a good opportunity to be patient because eventually
as the sellers get exhausted the algos will sense the reversal of the
order flow and a tradable bottom will be pretty clear. The only question
Therefore, this is a time when sticking to sound trading principles
and risk management is more important than ever in order to prepare
for the day when the algos decide that the market is truly oversold
and start the next upswing. So here are our sound trading principles
again, just for review:
- Don’t fight the Fed – especially if the central bank increases
its open market operations and increases the amount it injects into
banking system beyond $120 billion per month
- Don’t fight the market’s dominant trend and momentum – downtrends
require risk management not aggressive buying but prepare for a turn
in the trend
- When the trend turns look for strong stocks in strong sectors
– when there are no strong stocks there is no reason to be buying
until things improve
- To minimize portfolio volatility, if you must trade, trade in
small to moderate share lots
- Take profits on 20% winners in any market, as I recommended all
the way up in this market before it turned lower
- Use 5-8% sell stops and monitor each position individually – thus
if a stock is holding above its sell stop there is no reason to sell
it as it is showing relative strength.
- Monitor down sectors for possible turn around stocks to consider
and build a shopping list for the next uptrend
- Use sound money management principles – let the market stop you
out and in this way you will raise your cash reserves for the next
- Consider options as risk management tools
Moreover, as I discuss directly below, the current market is now
a more fertile ground for well designed option trades.
Using Options during Troubling Markets
The current market environment offers the potential for, above all
things, risk management, which is why using well designed option trades,
such as the relatively low risk Buy-Write or covered call strategy.
Certainly no trade, optionable or otherwise is risk free, which is
why stating the goal of the strategy and the best place to use it are
The Buy-Write covered call strategy involves buying a stock and selling
a call option simultaneously. The goal is to reduce the risk of loss
if the price of the stock goes down by collecting the premium of the
option sale, although the trade is not without risk and the maximum
gain for the combined position is limited. The best time to use the
strategy is when there are stocks whose chart patterns suggest that
the stock is likely to form a base, or move sideways for at least the
period of time until the expiration date of the option.
Here is an example of such a stock on which I recently recommended
a covered call strategy, computer microprocessor company Advanced Micro
Devices (AMD). AMD was a historical also ran for years until it became
the semiconductor sector market darling over the last year by improving
its financial position and taking market share from industry leader
But lately investors took profits on the stock aggressively until
the market trend truly accelerated to the down side. Since then, AMD
has started to move sideways as long term money has been buying the
And it is that base forming trading pattern, in the wake of a rising
Accumulation Distribution (ADI) and a bottoming out of On Balance Volume
(OBV) which makes AMD a great stock to use in a Buy-Write strategy
because when timed properly the option will likely expire worthless.
Moreover, if the stock’s price remains fairly stable the investors
will get to keep the premium for a profit.
Of course, the stock could break out of its trading range, either
up or down, which is why the trade has to have some conditions and
preset limits in order to prevent large losses as I describe in detail
in Joe Duarte in the Money Options.com. You can access the full details
on AMD and other option strategies via a FREE trial by clicking here.
Here are four key components of a successful Buy-Write strategy:
- Look for a stock in a basing pattern
- Seek an option which is slightly out of the money
- Choose a stock whose implied volatility is above its historical
- Put time on your side by choosing an option which is as close
to 45 days from its expiration date as possible
For a full primer on options consider a copy of my #1 Best Selling
book “ Trading
Options for Dummies,” or as detailed below.
NYAD Nears Oversold But Remains in Sell Signal Territory
The New York Stock Exchange Advance Decline line (NYAD) finally bounced
back on 9/25/2020. And while that was an encouraging first step, it
is nothing to get too excited about just yet, at least not until we
get the all clear signal.
As I’ve noted here in the past few weeks NYAD had been closing in
on a sell signal as the RSI for the indicator had been below 50 for
some time. Now the RSI’s warning was confirmed by the NYAD itself breaking
decisively below its 50-day line delivering a full blown Duarte 50-50
This is the fourth sell signal for this indicator since the 2016
presidential election with each of the previous three (listed in bullets
below) preceding significant market declines:
- February 2018
- October 2019
- February 2020 and now
- September 2020
The S & P 500 (SPX) is also well below all kinds of support levels
now and unless things change, as they well could, it may be headed
for a test of its 200 day moving average near 3100. Resistance is at
the 50 day moving average now near 3150.
The Nasdaq 100 (NDX) has some support at 10,000 but could still move
toward 9500, its 200-day moving average. Still, NDX has formed a potential
short term bottom so we will see what happens there, especially between
the 11,225 and 11,400 area.
Still, there are some positives for sure as Accumulation Distribution
(ADI) and On Balance Volume (OBV) for both NDX and SPX suggest that
some money is moving in on this selloff.
The bottom line is that we are seeing our first bounce after some
very aggressive selling and it’s difficult to know which way things
will break next, although with the algos there is always the potential
for a V bottom, especially with OBV and ADI suggesting that dip buyers
are increasingly present.
However, if SPX and NDX break below their 200 day moving averages
convincingly, the market decline could well accelerate significantly
and we may enter a true and uncontested bear market.
Stay Patient. Monitor Individual Positions. See what the
Fed Does. Make a Shopping List.
Investors who have managed their portfolio well have seen their cash
levels rise through prudent profit taking before the market break and
through the judicious use of sell stops in remaining positions.
The next step is to manage the current risk in the market, both through
raising cash as called for, and using specific option strategies as
we wait for the market to bottom. Finally, given the current scenario
it would not be surprising to see the Federal Reserve resort to an
increase in its money infusions into the banking system. If that’s
what happens, the next logical step is to see how much money they put
in and how the algos react.
Joe Duarte is a former money manager, an active trader and a widely
recognized independent stock market analyst since 1987. He is author
of eight investment books, including the best sellingTrading
Options for Dummies, rated a TOP
Options Book for 2018 by Benzinga.com - now in its third edition, The
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